How Climate Change is Predicted to Impact El Nino/La Nina Cycles


How Climate Change is Predicted to Impact El Nino/La Nina Cycles


Choose an environmental topic/issue that interests you and do a literature search on it. This research project should involve some environmental science topic that is important to human society. To receive any credit, your paper should contain a minimum of at least 8 typewritten pages (around 3000 words) of your own written text, double-spaced and 12-point Times New Roman font.  Figures, tables, quoted text, and/or photos add to the paper, but do not count toward the 8-page minimum of written material. If the project is not at least 8 pages long, it will be returned ungraded. It is best to write more than 8 pages to make sure. (Please reduce the file size of any photos you attach so that they are appropriate for uploading.)  Your report will be graded on content, research effort, organization and writing (including English, grammar, spelling etc.).

Additionally, this paper should include a literature cited (bibliography) section at the end referencing all your information sources (see below for examples).  You should cite at least 8 different references in your paper for each participant; at least 4 of these references (per participant) must be from a source other than a website.

Your content score will be negatively affected if the paper is just a series of quotations. Quoted material is also not part of the 8 pages of your text. Though this is not plagiarism, it is poor writing. The paper needs to portray the knowledge you have gained from your research. Your opinion is welcome in this paper, but it must be supported with more than just your opinion. Published reference materials can greatly support an opinion.


It will be nearly impossible to receive a high grade without bringing references into your work. If all of your cited material comes from the web, you will not be likely to receive a high grade either. We do not accept Wikipedia as a source of factual information for this class or accept citations from Wikipedia for your work. Do not use Wikipedia. You must go to the library, newspapers, books, etc. and find reference material to support your written work there. References must be included underneath all figures, tables, graphs, and images. If you copy written material word-for-word from a book, website, etc., you must put quotation marks around the text and clearly CITE the author/source of the material.  You may do this in one of two ways:

You must also include a full reference to ALL the sources you use by using in-text citations as well as listing them in proper bibliographic format (in alphabetic order) on a separate reference page.  You may choose to use the APA or MLA styles of citation, but please be consistent in using one or the other throughout your paper and bibliography.