Final Philosophy on Hobbe Locke Hume and Rousseau
*(Question 1,2,3 are about Rousseau, so must read it on this link)* https://wiki.zirve.edu.tr/sandbox/groups/economicsandadministrativesciences/wiki/ad713/attachments/5971f/Jean-Jacques_Rousseau_Basic_Political_Writings.pdf?sessionID=8940d4002f706e131a7b4041f136555e3b9837d4
1. (10 Points) Answer A or B. *(Choose one to answer, A or B)
- A. What is Rousseau’s argument that the right of strongest cannot provide a basis for the government’s right to direct citizens?
- B. What is Rousseau’s argument that slavery cannot be grounded in right (that the slave owner can’t be understood as having a right to the slave’s labor)?
2. (20 points) Answer A or B *(Choose one to answer, A or B) one page
- A. Rousseau says that the problem faced by a people that must transform its mode of existence is to “find a form of association that defends and protects with the common forces the person and goods of each associate, and by means of which, while uniting with all, he obeys only himself and remains as free as before.”
- What is his solution?
- How can one unite with all but still remain as free as before?
- B. Rousseau says, “In order for the social compact to avoid being an empty formula, it tacitly entails the commitment—which alone can give force to the others—that whoever refuses to obey the general will will be forced to do so by the entire body. This means merely that he will be forced to be free.”
- What is Rousseau getting at here?
- What threat is he responding to (the threat that will turn the compact into an empty formula)?
- How can being forced to obey the general will be understood as being force to be free?
3. (20 points) one page
Locke and Rousseau both believe that the government can legitimately be dissolved if it is not accomplishing the tasks that the people intend it to accomplish. Explain the difference between the ways the two writers provide for this possibility.
QUESTIONS COVERING THE WHOLE COURSE
4. (25 points) (one and half to 2 page)
*(Must read Hobbes and Hume on property in order to answer the question)*
*(Must quote at least 1 each from Hobbes and Hume)*
- Hobbes, Locke, and Hume all provide accounts of property. One question about them is whether they allow for property in a state of nature—that is, before government is created. Locke is clear that he regards this as a possibility. Answer the question in the case of Hobbes and Hume. Be sure to support your answer with an explanation.
- 5. (25 points) (one and half to 2 page)
*(Must read Hobbes, Locke, and Hume on state of nature)*
*(Must quote at least 1 each from Hobbes, Locke, and Hume, so total at least 3 from each author)
- Compare and contrast the accounts of the state of nature provided by Hobbes, Locke, and Hume.
- What are the main similarities?
- What are the main differences?
- Contract theories have implications for the limits of legitimate authority. Pick one of the theories and explain how the account of the state of nature it employs affects the conclusions it reaches about the limits of legitimate authority.