What planning has to do with preparedness?


What does planning have to do with preparedness?  And…why would one want to do long-term community planning as part of community preparedness. Given the example of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, make an argument for how pre-disaster long-term community planning, if it had been done, might have improved the response and recovery processes.  Where possible, cite the literature on the Katrina/New Orleans response and recovery successes and failures.