Business and Management

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    Organizational Influence on Behavior


    Instructions : provide a great deal of information regarding the impact that organizational systems have on unethical behavior. For example, researchers note that rivalry can often increase unethical behaviors (Kilduff et al., 2016). This week, you will explain how an organization’s culture (e.g., systems and practices) can unknowingly or unintentionally increase unethical behavior among employees.

    Assume you have been tasked with researching these concepts for your organization’s management team, who are concerned about possible cases of unethical behavior stemming from organizational systems in place. Prepare a professional business memo to share with managers at the next team meeting. Be sure to include the following in your memo:

    Explain the importance of organizational culture and codes of conduct in encouraging ethical behavior.
    Assess three organizational policies or practices, as found in the readings and outside research, which can increase unethical behavior among employees.
    Propose informal and formal system solutions to reduce unethical behavior in your organization. Explain the benefits of these system solutions, as well as possible implications for these solutions.
    Support your memo with a minimum of three scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.

    Length: 1-2 pages, not including title and reference pages

    Your memo should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards where appropriate.

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    Evaluate a Company’s Behaviors


    While Walmart may employ many individuals (e.g., 2.1 million worldwide), the company has received negative attention in terms of its business model and practices. Not only has Walmart been accused of treating employees poorly, but it has also been the target of discrimination scandals.

    After reviewing this week’s resources, conduct a review of relevant research regarding Walmart and its practices. Then, prepare a written report of your findings that addresses the following:

    Briefly summarize Walmart’s mission, vision, and values.
    Evaluate Walmart’s actions (e.g., any unethical behaviors and cases of ethical actions found in your research).
    Elaborate on whether specific actions taken by Walmart are illegal as well as unethical. Justify your rationale.
    Determine how Walmart can improve its corporate culture and leadership. Then, recommend steps for improvement that could be taken to improve Walmart’s culture.
    Support your report with a minimum of five scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.

    Length: 5-7 pages, not including title and reference pages

    Your report should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.

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    Valuation of company assets for return on investment (ROI)



    This week’s discussion is about valuation of company assets for purposes of computing return on investment (ROI). Use the following scenario for your discussion:

    A company owns two identical apartment buildings.

    * Both buildings were built at the same time.

    * The first building was acquired by the company ten years ago.

    * The second building was acquired by the company two years ago at a higher price.

    * The net book value of the first building will be much lower than the net book value of the second building due to accumulated depreciation and a lower purchase price.

    * Each building has a different manager.

    For your post, prepare 3–4 paragraphs about managing these properties. Discuss how to measure the ROIs so that the manager of the older building does not show a much higher ROI, even if actual job performance is worse in terms of keeping the units rented and containing maintenance costs.


    For this discussion, consider the following scenario:

    You are the division manager of a company with four departments. Your company evaluates department managers on the basis of return on investment (ROI), with investment measured by net book value (that is, original cost minus depreciation). You have a favorite person you want to put in a place where she can achieve a high ROI. You know if she is the manager of the older division, where the net book value is low, she will achieve a high ROI.

    Post a discussion of 2–4 paragraphs about the ethics of this scenario. Consider for your post:

    * The ethics of what you are about to do.

    * The ethics of not bringing the measure of ROI with the investment defined as net book value to the attention of management.

    * What is your “return on investment” to your current or potential employer?

    * How can you continue to demonstrate your value to enhance your career?

    * Identify a professional achievement you are proud of. Using the CARD model, draft an accomplishment statement that showcases this achievement

    clearly and concisely and add it to your resume.

    * How does your resume present your value to a potential employer? See the resources in the Career Center on building a dynamic resume.

    Refer to the following article for a good overview of ethical considerations that will help inform your post:

    * Robin, D. (2009). Toward an applied meaning for ethics in business. Journal of Business Ethics, 89(1), 139–150.

    * C.

    You are not required to know generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), as you are not studying to be an accountant. However, GAAP is important, as all publicly traded companies must use GAAP in their accounting and reporting practices. So, it is important to you, as a manager, for compliance reasons. Recognizing the existence of GAAP and the reasons for using non-GAAP reporting can be important to your job as a business manager.

    For this discussion, read the articles and textbook page below, and then post a discussion of 3–4 paragraphs about GAAP and non-GAAP reporting. Consider as part of your post:

    * Your beliefs about the pros and cons of reporting company performance using non-GAAP measurements.

    * Your understanding of the reasons for the reconciliation between GAAP and non-GAAP reporting in the Campbell’s Soup financial statements on page 645 of your textbook.

    You are not expected to be an expert; look at this discussion post as a manager. If you have questions, include them in your post.

    The following resources will be useful in preparing this discussion post:

    * Afterman, A. B. (2015). Non-GAAP performance measures: Virtue or vice? The CPA Journal, 85(10), 48–49.

    * Diffley, E. A, & Greenstein, A. (2016). Presenting non-GAAP financial measures in the face of increased scrutiny. Insights, 30(6), 3–9.

    * Marshall, D., McManus, W., & Viele, D. (2020). Accounting: What the numbers mean (12th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Available in the courseroom via the VitalSource Bookshelf link.

    * Read page 648.

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    Acme Pickle Company Case



    The Acme Pickle Company has distributed pickles under the “Florida’s Best” brand for eight years from its production facility in Jacksonville, Florida. It sells the pickles to stores in the southeastern United States. Acme normally produces between 8,000 and 10,000 cases of pickles a month but has the capacity to produce 12,000 cases without adding equipment or personnel.

    The owner of a twenty-store supermarket chain in Wisconsin, called Super Deals, visits friends in Florida and is impressed with the quality of “Florida’s Best” pickles. He approaches you, an Acme Pickle account manager, with an offer to buy 2,000 cases of pickles to use in a special promotion at his stores. He is thinking of something such as:

    “Free jar of Florida’s Best pickles with every purchase of forty dollars or more—this month only!”

    He offers Acme a price of $9.50 per case, knowing that it is a very substantial discount from the normal selling price of $20 a case. Acme’s management is inclined to turn the offer down, because their cost is calculated at $10.00 a case. They believe they would lose money if they sold at $9.50 a case. You, on the other hand, believe that some errors have been made in the cost accounting.

    Your Role

    You are the account manager for Acme Pickles.


    Your analysis for the Controller and Sales Manager is needed to suggest a different way of calculating the pricing of the pickles that may be lower. As part of your analysis, address the following items:

    * Explain why some production costs are variable and some are fixed.

    * Analyze the benefit of recalculating the cost of pickle production.

    * How would you recalculate it?

    * What would the result be?

    * What is the benefit to the company of recalculating the cost?

    * Analyze how financial accounting of production cost differs from managerial accounting of production cost.

    * Explain the difference between the two accounting methods.

    * Identify the benefits and drawbacks of each method.

    * Recommend a plan of action to management regarding Super Deals’ offer.

    Below is the cost report for a recent month. In this month, Acme produced 9,000 cases and sold them at $20 per case, which is Acme’s normal selling price. Nine thousand cases are well beyond Acme’s break-even point, enabling Acme to record a substantial profit at the nine-thousand-case level.





    Spices and vinegar


    Jars and lids


    Direct labor, paid by the case


    Line supervisors, on salary


    Depreciation on factory


    Property taxes on factory


    Insurance on factory


    Total Costs:


    Cost per case (9,000 cases produced) $10.00

    Deliverable Format

    Your team lead wants to share this analysis across remote locations of the organization and is hoping you will set the standard for how analyses and decisions of this type should be presented and supported. Your team has requested either a recorded presentation (including slides and notes) or a presentation and supporting reporting that can be distributed as a model. Prepare a presentation of at least 9 slides using PowerPoint or software of your choice detailing your recommendation and the information you used to make your recommendation. You can either record the presentation or prepare a separate report supporting the presentation.

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    Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Businesses


    Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Businesses

    Critical Analysis Template Instructions


    This template is an alliterated mnemonic device for the critical analysis of information.  The alliterated format is used to assist in ordering and recalling data relevant to a subject.  It can be utilized from memory, if necessary, when presenting a speech, leading a discussion, sitting for an interview, or writing a paper.  It can also be used as the foundation for a formal research paper, a speech, or some other forum, for example, such as a talk show interview



    The Critical Analysis Template is a research tool that will enable you to have a workable command over a selected topic.  It is designed to organize essential information in a logical and orderly array of categories, which can be amplified to any realistic degree.  The format, with explanations, is located at the end of this document.



    • Select a topic–Using your textbook’s table of contents as a guide, select a topic to research for the template.  Choose a topic that is interesting to you and that may be useful and benefit you.  It must, however, be directly relevant to this course’s content.  Also, it MUST deal with a specific ethical, legal and business practice issue and not a broad philosophical category of thought.  For instance, choosing the topic of “business ethics” is way, way too vague.
    • Template Length–After you supply the appropriate information under each heading, your work will probably be 3–6 pages; more than that will be cumbersome. The intent is to be concise and to provide the most relevant, highest quality information possible.
    • References–When addressing “Publications,” a few web sites will be good to have, but the main idea is to have some resources that you could mention in an interview. For example, if someone was to ask you where more information could be obtained about your topic, you would be able to rattle off several books or journal articles and their authors.  This would make you seem very knowledgeable about it (and hopefully, you would be).
    • Formatting–Use APA format for your printed references.  For each section in the template, items should be written in bullet point format, not paragraph form.  If need be, use a citation for each bullet point, unless information from a source is being used for more than one bullet point.
    • Submission–Your assignment, when completed, should be sent to as a Microsoft Word document. You will submit your completed template through the course link in Module.  Also, provide a cover sheet for your template with your name, Course class name, class number, and section.




    Critical Analysis Template


    When conducting an analysis, every individual bullet item may not always apply, but the general assumption will be that every section will be addressed.  A thorough investigation, however, will determine if this is the case, and if you are uncertain, then make the time to inteact with your professor about it well before the assignment is due.  Responses should be concise – that is, to the point – and brief, but not so brief that utility is compromised.


    • Provide a general statement of the subject, topic or concept.
    • This may include a definition and/or a concise description, essential element or main idea.  (What is the simplest or clearest way this can be expressed?


    • Determine if this subject or topic would be classified under the generally accepted body of knowledge, conventional wisdom or practice.
    • If not, what aspects may challenge traditional thinking?
    • Is it considered fact, or opinion?
    • If necessary, note whether or not the subject, topic or concept is a standard one, newly accepted or radical.


    • Include major aspects or subdivisions of this subject, topic or concept that are essential to understanding it.
    • (Keep the number of principal components or sub-points manageable ~ 3 to 6, for example.
    • Prioritize, if this is applicable or helpful.
    • If an acronym, list, or grouping is used, include each component, along with a concise description).


    • List notable persons that are associated with this subject, and why.
    •  (This would include major proponents, contributors and critics).


    • Include a significant date(s), period or timeframe that will add understanding to this subject or concept.
    • Provide a brief explanation for each one.


    • Indicate essential locations that are pertinent.
    • Provide the names of any organizations or other entities that may be associated.
    • Include brief descriptions as needed.


    • List specific phrases, terms, acronyms, or jargon that can be used to understand this information and/or communicate it to others.


    • Incorporate useful but simple visual diagrams, charts, illustrations, metaphors, similes, (word pictures) anecdotes, pithy sayings or quotations that can be used to complement the ability to remember or communicate this subject, topic or concept.
    • Add addenda as needed.


    • Prioritize benefits that can be derived from this information.
    • Explain who can use it and why.
    • Note any opposing viewpoints or preferable alternatives.


    • Point out apparent limitations that may apply to this information.
    • Are there significant problems or weaknesses associated with this subject, topic of concept?
    • Is there evidence of faulty logic, bias, inaccurate or insufficient information?
    • Has it been challenged or replaced in conventional usage by something else?
    • Are there unusual costs, hindrances, drawbacks, etc., involved?


    • Highlight any cause-and-effect relationships that are evident.
    • Explain how a specific application of this information can be made.
    • Describe how knowledge of this subject will be beneficial.
    • Determine if this information will offer an enhancement of perspective or effectiveness of work.
    • Explain what conclusions can be drawn or recommendations that should be made.


    • List publications, related references or links concerning this subject which can serve as useful resources (they may or may not have been used in preparing the template).
    • List all bibliographic material using APA format.
    • Annotate each entry in the list.
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    Fifth consumer right to privacy



    This week will begin an emphasis on the people side of corporate responsibility – stockholders, consumers, employees (and unions), and as always, community stakeholders.  A business must have solid relationships with all of these groups to ensure success.

    Learning Outcomes

    • Explain why corporations provide high compensation packages to top executives and determine whether or not this practice is justifiable.


    • Compare and contrast corporate philanthropy and employee volunteerism and evaluate their relative impacts on the community.


    • Explain the relationship of the employee to the corporation, their reciprocal responsibilities, and the effects ethnic diversification have had on this relationship.


    Discussion Board Forum 4 Thread

    Topic: Choose 1 of the following questions and answer it completely and thoroughly for your thread:


    Can a Christian CEO of a secular corporation set an ethical tone for the company without compromising scriptural principles and at the same time avoid offending the diverse religious beliefs of potentially thousands of employees? (ch. 14)


    Do you believe U.S. executives are compensated too highly? Why or why not? (ch. 14)


    In recent years, some activists and government regulators have begun to call for laws protecting a fifth consumer right, the right to privacy. Do you support this right or not, and why? (ch. 15)


    How do new technologies increasingly enable businesses to collect and use vast amounts of personal data about their customers and potential customers? Explain. (ch. 15)


    Provide an example where employee whistle-blowing is justified and an example of where it is not. Provide support for each example. (ch. 16)


    What are some of the challenges and benefits of managing a diverse workforce? (ch. 17)


    Discuss why a business may wish to get involved in community relations. What benefits accrue to businesses that actively participate in their communities? (ch. 18)


    In your opinion, what is the most pressing and significant concern facing communities today? Why do you think so? How would a business’s community relations department address that concern? (ch. 18)

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    Discussion Board Forum 3 Thread



    Previous weeks focused in part on the notion that companies should view themselves as global corporate citizens.  One key way of carrying this out is through green initiatives and environmental stewardship.  Another issue is the use of technology and how to use it in an ethical manner.  Both will be discussed during this week.

    Learning Outcomes

    • Determine to what extent the corporation is responsible for environmental issues, and whether this concern should go beyond the classical profit motive business.


    • Appraise the present and future welfare of society in light of corporate development and application of technology.


    Discussion Board Forum 3 Thread

    Topic: Choose 1 of the following questions and answer it completely and thoroughly for your thread:


    What are some of the challenges and benefits of companies being environmentally conscious? (ch. 10)


    Briefly describe acid rain. Do you think a command-and-control, or market-based regulatory approach would work better to reduce acid rain emissions, and why? (ch. 10)


    What fuels technological growth, and is this growth global or is it isolated to a few countries? (ch. 12)


    Should all businesses venture into e-commerce, or is it better for only certain types of businesses? (ch. 12)


    Is information on the Internet truly free, or should copyrighted music or software be protected? (ch. 11)


    Is tissue engineering and cloning an improvement for humans or a threat to humans? (ch. 11)

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    Take a position either for or against globalization



    Globalization is a defining characteristic for today’s economic and ethical context.  More and more businesses are “going global” and therefore, more countries are being impacted by the powerful forces of globalization.  Moreover, governments in every nation wrestle with proper ways to encourage economic activity while at the same time ensuring ethical business behavior.  This challenge is only exacerbated in an increasingly global economy, as multinational corporations operate in numerous countries.  Therefore, it is important as future business leaders, you understand the ethical and economic challenges of globalization and how that could affect our future.


    Learning Outcomes

    • Critique the role of government regulation of business and judge where and to what degree it is justified.
    • Evaluate the concepts of enlightened self-interest, corporate citizenship, and corporate responsibility.
    • Critique the globalization of business, appraising its advantages and disadvantages, and formulate a conclusion regarding the outlook for the future.


    Discussion Board Forum 2 Thread

    Topic: Choose 1 of the following questions and answer it completely and thoroughly for your thread:


    One example of unethical activity is bribery. Explain what it is, how common the practice is, and where it is found. Justify your reasoning with a minimum of 2 scholarly references and 1 journal article. (ch. 6)


    Take a position either for or against globalization. Provide examples of how globalization has either helped or harmed individual nations and the world economy. (ch. 4)


    Contrast corporate social responsibility and corporate citizenship. (ch. 7)


    How does a firm become a better corporate citizen? (ch. 7)


    Discuss the advantages and drawbacks of an organization influencing political action in regards to government regulation or the outcome of an election.   (ch. 8)


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    IG007 PowerPoint


    To begin this Assessment, read the New York Times (NYT) Paywall Case Study. As you read, evaluate the market that NYT was facing and, based on the information presented, formulate marketing tactics that you would recommend to NYT’s leadership.

    Create a formal PPT presentation (15–25 slides) that will communicate your marketing tactics. Be sure to include the following sections and details:

    Section 1: Executive Summary (You may choose to complete this section last.)

    • A single slide containing 5–7 bullet points that summarize the remaining slides.

    Section 2: Customer Expectations

    • Identify customer expectations as part of a complete market analysis including demographics.

    Section 3: Market Trends

    • Identify at least five market trends impacting the company. Elaborate and/or speculate on the trends’ implications for the company at the end of 3 years.
    • Include a high-level SWOT analysis of each (two bullet points per quadrant). The trends may include: use of new media by a customer segment (e.g., mobile media), price increases resulting in fewer purchases/purchasers or segment growth/shrinkage, consolidation of suppliers or competitors, resource scarcity, and so on.
    • Recommend tactical responses to the opportunities (or threats) identified in the SWOT analysis for each of the trends.

    Section 4: Social and Ethical Considerations

    • Recommend marketing actions that take into consideration their impact in the areas of ethics, corporate social responsibility, and sustainability.


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