Effective Introductions and Conclusions

by EssayShark Tutors


2.5 Writing Techniques- Effective Introductions and Conclusions

Me And My Friend Chua From China

Part One

Introductions and conclusions are often overlooked elements of a text, but they are crucial to engaging a reader. An awkward or ineffective introduction may discourage the reader from reading the text or seriously interfere with the reader’s understanding of the text. A weak conclusion will often leave the reader without a sense of closure; it can also leave the reader dissatisfied with the text and, therefore, hostile to the ideas presented by the author.

As with the rest of your text, you should spend some time consciously crafting an effective introduction and conclusion. Often though, writers get stuck on an introduction when they first start writing. For #2, you should spend some time specifically focusing on your introduction and conclusion. Crafting a good introduction and thesis will pull together and make it engaging and cohesive.

Your textbook presents many strategies for writing introductions and conclusions. For this assignment, please review the strategies for introductions and conclusions presented in Back to the Lake on pages 86-88 and 91-92. Also you should review the professional we have read so far and analyze their introductions and conclusions.

Look at how the introductions and conclusions work with the rest ; look specifically at the strategies the authors use. You may want to compare the professional  to the student  to see how different introductions can have different effects on the text as a whole. Determine which strategies are more effective, which engage your interest or pull the together best.

Part Two

Now that you have examined introduction and conclusion strategies, you will write an introduction and conclusion for #2. In this assignment, you will specifically choose an introduction and conclusion strategy and use it (them) to write an introduction and conclusion. You should write with the intention of including them in your rough draft

Theme: Understanding My Culture

Mode: Comparison and Contrast


  • Use the writing process to develop a comparison and contrast
  • Develop an effective thesis statement
  • Use an outline to organize an essay
  • Craft an effective introduction and conclusion


You will use the comparison and contrast mode to develop your ideas about culture (theme). You will use comparison and contrast to help your reader better understand both your subjects. You will need to have all the characteristics of comparison and contrast including an effective comparison and contrast thesis, strong topic sentences, an effective comparison and contrast method of organization, equal and balanced development of relevant points of comparison, and an effective introduction, and conclusion.

You will need to have all the characteristics of an academic including an effective thesis statement, focused topic sentences, strong organization, unified paragraphs, and a well-crafted introduction and conclusion.

Important: In selecting your topic and developing your ideas, be sure that your comparison points to a larger purpose: some lesson, insight or point that makes the comparison important. Additionally, you should support your with specific, clear, well developed examples all related to the unit theme.

Topic Reminders:

Option A: David Sedaris and Hugh Hamrick had markedly different experiences as children. Compare and contrast your childhood with that of someone you know who was raised in another culture. For example, you might have a friend raised from a different religious perspective than yours or raised by parents with different value systems or expectations than those of your own family.

Option B: David Sedaris and Hugh Hamrick are both products of their experiences. Ask a friend or colleague to share the most important experiences they have had, the ones that have shaped their identity and made them who they are. Then, using this information for support, write compares and contrasts those with the experiences that have shaped your own identity.

Option C: David Sedaris says of Hugh Hamrick’s family: “Theirs was the life I dreamt about.” Compare and contrast your own childhood experiences with the fictional ones of a character with whom you’re familiar. How did your childhood experiences compare with those of an imaginary character like Harry Potter, Katniss Everdeen, or Bart Simpson?


  • should be 3-5 pages long.
  • It should be typed using a standard 12 point font. MLA standard pagination is required. See The Little Seagull Handbook pg. 149 for a sample  in MLA format.
  • Follow directions carefully.
  • It should be double-spaced with margins no bigger than 1 inch. (These are standard settings in Microsoft Word.)
  • You should carefully review the strategies for writing a Comparison and Contrast.
  • Be sure to include your name.
  • Create a Works Cited page and cite you respond to. Cite any other outside sources used.
SKU: me-and-my-friend-chua-from-china Category: